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Among the few territories on the outskirts of Moscow and Leningrad, the city of Borovichi was not only not occupied by the enemy, but also did not know any street fighting, or bombing, or artillery shelling. “Borovichi has become a true hospital city. There are 22 of them here ”- this is how the military surgeon Vishnevsky wrote in his diaries. 10 schools, 5 residential buildings, 9 office buildings were given to hospitals.|
The entire industry was transferred to a war footing. "Everything for the front, everything for victory!" They produced mortars, mines, shells, equipment for marching bakeries, boilers for cooking, army pots, camp baths, stoves for dugouts, boxes for rifles, machine guns, knitted sweaters, comforters, windings, gloves, sewn tunics, trousers. The list goes on and on. A hospital city, a donor city, a city that accepted orphans into its orphanages, a city in the rear.
From 1942 to 1951 in Borovichi there was a distribution camp, and then a production camp of the NKVD of the USSR No. 270 for prisoners of war. In addition to prisoners of war, there were many Home Army soldiers taken from Poland at the end of 1944 to the camp. Until today, there are houses built by German prisoners of war in the city. In with. Egla created the International Memorial of Remembrance, where memorial signs were installed by Finns, Germans, Poles, Hungarians.
During the war, the Leningrad Regional Philharmonic Society, theaters, operettas, the regional drama and puppet theater were evacuated to the city, which performed in front of the wounded, on the stage of the gorteater, in neighboring districts, and went to the front.
From Leningrad to Borovichi a sewing factory "KIM" was relocated, which sewed tunics, trousers and other items of uniform for soldiers; the Tsvetmetshtamp plant, which has mastered the production of mines and shells. Plant No. 17, evacuated from Leningrad in April 1942 (the future mechanical plant), mastered the production of 82-mm mines….
"My city, do you remember that terrible time,
When the fires of war were blazing.
You shared a heavy burden with people,
You became an infirmary for the soldiers of the country ... "
The years of the Great Patriotic War are going down in history. But the feat of people who gave the most precious thing - life in the name of Peace, in the name of Victory - is not forgotten.
For the significant contribution of residents of the city to the achievement of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, ensuring uninterrupted production of military and civilian products at industrial enterprises, demonstrated at the same time massive labor heroism and dedication, by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on 07/02/2020, the city of Borovichi was awarded the honorary title of the Russian Federation "City of Labor valor "