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Boi za Mius front

Rostovskaya oblast

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Mius-Front - fortified defensive line of the Wehrmacht during the Great Patriotic War on the west bank of the Mius River. It was established in December 1941.

Soviet troops twice tried to break the Mius-Front line: from December 1941 to July 1942, and from February to August 1943. They succeeded only in August 1943 during the Donbas offensive action, when the Southern Front forces broke through the German defense line near Kuybyshevo settlement. According to some sources, total losses of the Red Army on the Mius-Front (killed, wounded, prisoners of war and missing) were more than 800 thousand people.

The main line of defense began at the coast of the Azov Sea, east of Taganrog, then passed along the Mius, which gave the name of the entire line.

The depth of fortifications of the line in some places reached up to 11 km. Along the Mius, the line ran along the right, i.e. high bank of the river. Frequent brinks, heights, ravines and cliffs were also used.

In total, the defense involved about 800 settlements in a band of 45-50 km wide. The Mius-Front delayed for a long time the advance of the Red Army in the southern direction. If Rostov-on-Don was liberated in February 1943, then Taganrog was not liberated until August 30 of that year. At the same time, the Miuss-Front drew certain powers of Wehrmacht forces, contributing to the overall success of the Red Army in other directions.

The July offensive of the Southern Front forced Germany to relocate three armored divisions from the Kursk Bulge to the Mius-Front, which could not but affect the results of the Battle of Kursk. At the same time, on July 30-31, 1943, the SS elite panzer corps lost more sodiers and military hardware than two weeks earlier by Prokhorovka when trying to repel the breakthrough of the Mius-Front by the Red Army units. Losses on the Mius-Front were so high that there were seven to eight Red Army soldiers per dead German soldier.

As a result of the Mius-Front breakthrough, the Nazi Germany troops were thrown back from the Don to the Dnieper.