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MAGNITOGORSK DURING THE WAR|
Metallurgists of our country made a huge contribution to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. Assessing the contribution of the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Plant (MMK) to the victory over fascism, the director of the plant G.I. Nosov said: "Every second tank, T-34 every third shell fired at the enemy, were made of Magnitogorsk metal...." This is the result of the work of the plant for the war years. And the outbreak of war brought to the fore many problems that required an urgent solution.
The main task was to urgently transfer the plant to the production of defense products. With the outbreak of war, echelons with evacuated equipment began to arrive in the Urals from the front-line regions. 34 evacuated enterprises were located on the territory of MMK.
By the end of the third month of the war, MMK was already producing about 100 types of defense products: an armor sheet, cast armored towers for KV tanks, hulls for aerial bombs, mines and rockets, band and track strips for tanks, grooved spring and automobile freedoms for the automotive industry and much more. Despite all the difficulties of wartime, the residents of Magnitogorsk made a worthy contribution to the country's defense fund - about 40 million rubles. In addition, 37 cars with gifts were sent from Magnitogorsk to the front.
MMK not only worked for defense, but also fought. About 7 thousand people went to the front from the plant, more than 2 thousand died or went missing. Thirteen Magnitogorsk metallurgists performed a military feat at the front and were awarded the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
American historian M. Werner wrote in the book "Eastern Front": "The whole world is witnessing the dramatic struggle of the Magnitogorsk metal with the metal of all Europe mobilized by Hitler to wage war in the East." And Magnitogorsk won this fight. The Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Plant during the war years gave more metal than Italy, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Spain, combined. During the war years, MMK gave the country 10 million 175 thousand tons of cast iron, 11 million 120 thousand tons of steel, 7 million 276 thousand tons of rolled stock. Before the war, the share of high-quality and alloyed metal at the mill was 12 percent, then by the end of the war - 83 percent. "Magnitogorsk defeated Ruhr," General Heinz Guderian, commander of the German tank army, admitted in book Akhtung, Panzern!