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On June 22, 1941, the Nazi invaders dropped bombs on border outposts, naval bases, cities and towns on the Kola Peninsula, fishing vessels, and a railway. Considering the economic importance and great strategic importance of the Arctic for Soviet Union, the German command at the end of June launched a broad offensive of its troops in the North.|
From the first days of the Great Patriotic War, Murmansk became a front-line city. The working people of Murmansk and the Murmansk region, like the entire Soviet people, rose to the sacred struggle against the enemy.
The restructuring of industry on a war footing was a difficult and responsible task. From the first days of the war, shipyards were transferred to serve the needs of the army and the Northern Fleet: they converted the ships of the merchant and fishing fleets into warships, and carried out repairs of warships. Some factories made machine guns, grenades, mortars. The commercial port of Murmansk was an important transport center. From January 1942, communication with our allies in The Grand Alliance was carried out through Murmansk and the delivery of military supplies under Lend-Lease was carried out. The feat of the crews of the vessels of the Murmansk Trawl Fleet, who worked for four military years directly in the war operations, also deserves the highest appreciation.
Each exit of trawlers to the sea was at the same time a solution to a combat mission. Railway workers of Murmansk worked selflessly during the war. Working under continuous enemy bombers, they ensured the rhythmic, uninterrupted operation of the Murmansk section of the railway.
Murmansk fought heroically. Its defenders fought to death in the trenches and in the factories, on the decks of ships and on the burning streets, on the docks and on the partisan units. The city treated the wounded, formed reserves, made weapons, skis and boats, prepared warm clothes, collected over 60 million labor rubles for the country's defense fund, and helped besieged Leningrad. The city-soldier, the city-worker Murmansk became an impregnable fortress in the North. He paralyzed the enemy's striking forces, steadfastly and reliably held the state border.