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He was born on August 2, 1911 in the village of Bakhtenki in the Vyatka province in the family of a poor peasant. He graduated from two classes of school. In 1935, he and his family came to live in the village of Bulanova, Irbitsky district. He worked in a blacksmith shop, first as a hammer-cutter, then as a blacksmith. On June 23, 1941, he was drafted into the Red Army by the Irbit District Military Commissariat. In the active army since July 1942. He participated in the battles near Moscow, Stalingrad, and the Orel-Kursk Bulge. By the fall of 1943, the Red Army soldier Ozhiganov was a private in a company of machine gunners of the 3rd battalion of the 565th Rifle Regiment of the 161st Rifle Division. He especially distinguished himself during the crossing of the Dnieper River. On the night of September 23, 1943, Private Ozhiganov and a group of soldiers crossed the Dnieper River on a makeshift raft. The group captured a bridgehead on the right bank near the village of Lukovitsa (Kanevsky district, Cherkasy region) and held it until the main forces arrived. During the fighting, he destroyed two enemy firing points. By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 23, 1943, for the successful crossing of the Dnieper River south of Kiev, the strong consolidation of the bridgehead on the western bank of the Dnieper River and the bravery and heroism shown at the same time, the Red Army soldier Ilya Ozhiganov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal (No. 1960). In the future, he participated in the battles near Lviv, in Poland and Germany. He was wounded three times. He finished the war as a member of the 334th Border Regiment of the NKVD troops. Guarding the rear of the front, he participated in the detention of eleven "Volkststurm", four traitors to the Motherland and two deserters. He was awarded the medal "For Military Merit". In May 1946, he was demobilized.|
I returned to the Urals. He lived in the village of Bulanova, then in the village of Pionersky in the Irbit district. Until 1979, he worked at the state farm "Irbitsky". He died on November 24, 1984. He was awarded the Order of Lenin (23.10.1943), the Patriotic War of the 1st degree, medals, including the medal "For Military Merit" (14.06.1945). A street in the village is named after I. A. Ozhiganov. Pionerskiy, Irbitskiy district.