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|In the plan of a large-scale offensive in the south of the USSR (Caucasus, Crimea), the German command includes Stalingrad. The goal of Germany was to capture the industrial city, the enterprises in which produced military products that were needed; to gain access to the Volga, from where it was possible to get to the Caspian Sea, to the Caucasus, where the oil needed for the front was extracted. This plan Hitler wanted to implement in just a week with the help of the 6th Field army of Paulus. In the history of the Liskinsky Region, which in the summer of 1942 stood as an insurmountable obstacle in the way of the Hitlerite troops, two famous sections of the defense of the Voronezh Front — Storozhevskaya and Shchuchensky bridgeheads, which were captured in August 1942 by units of the 25th Guards Rifle Division formed in April 1942 in the Kalinin (Tver) region and parts of the 18th separate rifle Corps, and then for almost six months reliably covered the Liski railway station from different sides, driving military cargo under Stalingrad. Having not surrendered the city of Svoboda with the Liski junction to the enemy in the summer of 1942, the Soviet troops continued to defend themselves on the Don line, pinning down the forces of the Nazis, who were rushing to Stalingrad and the Caucasian oil. And the fascists, who broke their teeth on the Liski railway junction, in the autumn of 1942, were forced to hastily build a railway rockade from Ostrogozhsk to Evdakovo, paving the way to Stalingrad, bypassing Lisok. In the meantime, Soviet echelons with troops and equipment were marching through the Liski station in the same direction - to Stalingrad, which, under the incessant bombing of the Nazis, were led by steam locomotive brigades of a special column with the symbolic name " For Stalingrad!", formed at the Liski railway junction from the special reserve of the NKPS. An event that has no analogues in the history of any other railway hub in the country was a testament to the unparalleled courage and inflexibility of the Liskin railway workers: in 1943, three Liskin railway workers - Alexander Karpovich Lysenko, Vladimir Nikolaevich Zholudev and Philip Dmitrievich Fedosov – were awarded the high titles of Heroes of Socialist Labor|