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Bahchivandzhi Grigoriyu Yakovlevichu, sovetskomu letchiku-ispytatelyu, Geroyu Sovetskogo Soyuza.

Sverdlovskaya oblast


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Bakhchivandzhi Grigory Yakovlevich, Soviet test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, captain, was born on February 20, 1909 in the Kuban, in the village of Brynkovskaya, Krasnodar Territory. Later, the family moved to the city of Zhdanov (today's Mariupol).

In 1931 he graduated from the school of junior commanders and, after it, the school of aircraft armament technicians; in 1932 he joined the ranks of the CPSU. Soon Bakhchivandzhi received a diploma in aviation engineering, submitting a report to the Orenburg flight school with a request for enrollment. In 1935, after graduating from flight school, he joined the regiment, where he showed excellent piloting technique and in-depth knowledge of the aircraft. It can be said that right from the "school bench" he was sent to the Air Force Research Institute - Air Force Research Institute (now it is the State Flight Test Center - GLITs), entrusting him with testing new machines. The characterization sent to Bakhchivandzhi recommended him as a principled and decisive commander. In addition, it said that he flies well, has an inquisitive mind and a penchant for research, which was confirmed in practice: Grigory Bakhchivandzhi's conclusions about aircraft and engines were always highly qualified.

It is no coincidence that he was among the first in the research institute to be entrusted with testing new weapons - rocket launchers on an airplane, and some time later these installations were tested in battles with the Japanese invaders at Khalkhin Gol.

For a series of tests and their high quality, Grigory Yakovlevich was awarded the Order of Lenin.

On the very first day of the Great Patriotic War, G.Ya. Bakhchivandzhi voluntarily went to the front, selflessly fighting as part of a special purpose fighter aviation corps, which was mainly formed by order of the command from test pilots. From July 1 to August 10, 1941, he made about 70 sorties (during the defense of Moscow he shot down 6 fascist "vultures"), rising to the rank of squadron commander.

On the tragic day of March 27, 1943, which will take away Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Seregin exactly 25 years later, test pilot Grigory Bakhchivandzhi died heroically during the seventh test flight on the BI: having reached a record speed for a rocket plane - 800 km / h - the plane unexpectedly went into a dive and crashed into the ground.