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|Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov (1892-1944) was a Russian and Soviet aircraft designer, head of OKB-51 (later Sukhoi Design Bureau). Twice winner of the Stalin Prize, Hero of Socialist Labor. Polikarpov is one of the founders of the Soviet school of Russian aircraft construction. The multi-purpose U-2 (Po-2) and P-5 aircraft created under his leadership were among the best in their class, and the I-15 bis, I-153 "Chaika" and I-16 became the basis of the USSR fighter aviation of 1934-1941, for which the designer earned the reputation of the "king of fighters".He was born on May 28 (June 9), 1892, in the village of Popovka (where the church and the priest's house were located) near the village of Georgievskoye (now Kalinino, Livensky district, Oryol region) in the family of a rural priest Nikolai Petrovich Polikarpov (1867-1938).|