Memorial Victory 77 // List of stations // RP77ON

Oborona na podstupah k Moskve

Smolenskaya oblast


Photos and historical info.
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On September 30, 1941, the Battle of Moscow began, which ended in victory on April 20, 1942.

The general offensive of the German troops of the Center group began on September 30, 1941 with a strike by the 2nd Panzer Group on the left wing of the Bryansk Front. On October 2, the main groupings of German troops in the Smolensk region went on the offensive. The Nazis managed to break through the defenses and by October 7 surrounded four Soviet armies west of Vyazma and two south of Bryansk.

In early November, the German offensive was stopped in almost all areas. The enemy failed to capture Moscow and thereby victoriously end the war in the east. More than 30 German tanks tried to break through Gzhatsk along the Volokolamsk highway. The battle lasted for four hours, the enemy lost 18 tanks, many soldiers, but could not break the defense. The words of the political officer of the 316th Infantry Division Klochkov, who told his soldiers: “Russia is great, but there is nowhere to retreat: Moscow is behind!”, spread throughout the country.