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Pskov gorod voinskoy slavy. Partizanskoe dvizhenie.

Pskovskaya oblast


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On June 29, 1941, the Directive of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks was issued to the party and Soviet organizations of the front-line regions, which stated: "in areas occupied by the enemy, create partisan detachments and sabotage groups to fight against parts of the enemy army."

The partisan movement in the Pskov region began from the first days of the occupation. Partisan detachments were everywhere formed from destruction battalions, which were created from the local population to fight enemy spies, saboteurs, and paratroopers. Selected the strongest, most reliable. Sometimes such detachments were formed in areas not yet occupied when the enemy approached. Often they fought along with units of the Soviet Army, covering its retreat. The detachments were replenished with soldiers who found themselves in the rear of enemy troops. Local party and Soviet activists went underground. He formed the core of the first partisan detachments and was their organizer. Some detachments were commanded by border guards with military experience (the detachment of Lieutenant Dolgorukov in the Velikoluksky region and others). Such detachments immediately showed combat activity. Others started with reconnaissance, with the collection of weapons; gradually gaining strength and experience, they launched sabotage activities behind enemy lines. At first, the detachments were small: fifteen or twenty people, rarely more than thirty, and sometimes less than ten. They were fed and clothed by the local population.

The directive of the Council of People's Commissars mentioned above states that detachments are being created: "... to incite guerrilla warfare everywhere and everywhere, to blow up bridges, roads, damage telephone and telegraph communications, set fire to warehouses, etc.", the document calls for creating unbearable conditions for the enemy and all his accomplices, to pursue and destroy them at every step, to disrupt all their activities ... ”So it was.