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Before reaching Tula, the German troops under the command of Guderian managed to take the Eagle on the move, cutting our defenses on the distant approaches to it, quickly passing a long distance on tanks and, in fact, catching quite strong units that were in the city by surprise.
From Orel to Tula is only 180 kilometers. In Tula in 1941, all defense factories were operating at full capacity. There were practically no military units between Orel and Tula at that time. Since the Nazis captured Orel, Tula has become a frontline city, all life here has been transferred to a military way. Consolidated workers' fighter detachments were created under the command of Captain A. P. Gorshkov and miner G. A. Ageev. Both detachments were shelled in the battles near Likhvin, and later became the backbone of the Tula Workers' Regiment, the commander and commissar of which Gorshkov and Ageev were appointed. Tula was girded with ribbons of trenches, pre-equipped combat positions. Fortifications have been formed inside the city, anti-tank ditches have been dug, hedgehogs and gouges have been installed, barricades have been built, defense strongholds have been created in tank-hazardous areas. The entire population of Tula rose to defend the city. A state of siege has been imposed in the city. The construction of defensive structures has begun. They employed from 2 to 4 thousand people daily, most of whom were women. In a short time, 2 strips of fortifications with deep anti-tank ditches, barricades, obstacles were built. By the beginning of the siege, 3 defensive lines were created around Tula, and 4 powerful defensive sectors were built within the city, 7700 shelters for 141 thousand people were built, 681 basements were transformed to hide from German bombs and shells of fighters and the population.
In parallel, huge work was carried out on the evacuation of defense plants. It was impossible to risk them in any case. The Nazis threw selected units on Tula: the 3rd, 4th, 17th tank, 29th motorized divisions and the Great Germany regiment. In essence, it was the Hitler Guard. The Workers' Guard, along with anti-aircraft gunners and security officers, stood up against them.
The Fascist attacks were fierce. Up to a hundred tanks participated in them. We had a lot of dead and wounded, but the enemy could not break through in any area. And not only did he not break through, but he also lost 31 tanks and a lot of infantry in one day on October 30.
During these days of brutal and bloody battles, we lost many of our comrades. Including the commissar of the Tula Workers' Regiment G. A. Ageev, who was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. The workers' regiment was replenished six times during the 45 days of the city's defense. The Red Army units also suffered heavy losses.
Tula survived those harsh days. The enemy could not capture the city.
For the courage and heroism shown by the defenders of the city, on December 7, 1976, by decree of the government, Tula was awarded the honorary title of "Hero City".During the war, over 250 Tulyaks were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.