Photos and historical info.
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The city of Vladikavkaz is the capital of the Republic of North Ossetia. It is located in the center of the North Caucasus, on the banks of the Terek River. From 1931 to 1990 the city was called Ordzhonikidze.
In 1942, the Battle for the Caucasus, one of the key battles of the Great Patriotic War, was won near the walls of Vladikavkaz. After the capture of Rostov-on-Don, the connection of the Caucasus with the European part of Russia was possible only by sea (via the Volga or the Caspian Sea) and via the railway lines Salsk-Stalingrad. Hitler planned to cut these communication routes, take the Caucasus and thereby deprive the USSR of important resources: the North Caucasus and Baku were the main sources of oil for the entire USSR, the Caucasus and the Kuban were the main sources of grain and the location of strategic raw material reserves. October 25 , 1942 the enemy reached Ordzhonikidze, but in early November was defeated and pushed back to the north. This is how the German-fascist operation to capture the Caucasus and advance to the Middle East failed. Thus, a large-scale retreat of the enemy army began at the walls of Vladikavkaz in 1942-1943.
In 2007, the city of Vladikavkaz was awarded the honorary title "City of Military Glory".