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Marina Raskova

Saratovskaya oblast


Photos and historical info.
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Marina Mikhailovna Raskova was born on March 28, 1912 in Moscow.

At the end of September 1938, on the ANT-37 Rodina aircraft, as part of the crew under the command of the crew commander Valentina Stepanovna Grizodubova (co-pilot - P. D. Osipenko), she made a non—stop flight on the Moscow - Far East route with a length of 6450 km. For the performance of this flight and the establishment of a world record in flight range, the female crew consisting of Valentina Grizodobuva, Polina Osipenko and Marina Raskova was awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

At the end of October 1941, in the city of Engels, Saratov region, Marina Raskova formed an aviation group consisting of three women's regiments: the 587th bomber on the Pe-2, the 586th fighter on the Yak-1 and the 588th night bombers on the Po-2, which later bore the unofficial nickname U Germans "Night Witches". The brave pilots of the women's regiment caused great damage to the enemy during the war.

On January 4, 1943, during a flight on the Arzamas-Saratov route, not far from Saratov (near the village of Mikhailovka), Marina Raskova's crew was killed. Marina Mikhailovna Raskova is buried near the Kremlin Wall on the Red Square of the capital.

The 588th regiment was named after Marina Raskova for its successful actions on the North Caucasus and Don fronts.

Films were made, books and songs were written in honor of the women's regiment. In the city of Engels, Saratov region, there is a monument to the legendary pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union Marina Raskova,

and one of the streets of the city is named after her.