Photos and historical info.
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"Tambov collective farmer" or Tank column "Tambov collective farmer" is a tank column created at the expense of Tambov collective farmers on the initiative of the collective farm "Red Volunteer" of the Iberdeevsky (now Petrovsky) district of the Tambov region and transferred on December 12-15, 1942 to the formations of armored and mechanized troops (BTiMV) of the Armed Forces of the USSR.
In total, 292 tanks (T-34 and T-70) were manufactured at the expense of Tambov collective farmers.
These tanks have fought thousands of kilometers and destroyed a lot of enemy equipment and Fascist invaders. The tank column "Tambov Collective Farmer" operated as part of the 2nd Red Banner Tank Corps, the 91st Guards Brigade, the 133rd Korsun-Berlin Red Banner Orders of Kutuzov, Suvorov, Bogdan Khmelnitsky separate tank brigade, the 128th Baranovich Red Banner Order of Alexander Nevsky Tank Regiment, the 136th separate tank regiment.
The T-34 tank (designers M. I. Koshkin, A. A. Morozov, P. A. Kucherenko) was adopted by the Red Army on December 19, 1939. In January 1940, Kharkiv Locomotive Plant No. 183 began producing this combat vehicle.
When the fascists approached Kharkov, it was decided to evacuate the plant to the Urals, to Nizhny Tagil. Uralvagonzavod began to produce tanks. Every day 25 tanks rolled off the assembly line. The factory sent them to the front in whole echelons. There was no such powerful tank conveyor in Germany or the USA.
The T-34 tank received good reviews. Thanks to its wide tracks and low specific pressure on the ground, it moved easily off-road. Strong armor, good hull shape, good speed, high maneuverability distinguished it favorably from enemy vehicles.
On the battlefields during the Great Patriotic War and in the war with Japan, these combat vehicles withstood severe tests. In 1942, M. I. Koshkin (posthumously), A. A. Morozov, P. A. Kucherenko were awarded the USSR State Prize, the design bureau was awarded the Order of Lenin.
In 1949, one of the T-34 combat vehicles (onboard No. 266) from the Tambov Collective Farmer tank column, which had fought from Stalingrad to Vinnitsa, was delivered to Tambov and solemnly raised to the pedestal of Glory as a symbol of heroism, courage and fearlessness of Soviet people during the Great Patriotic War (architect's project V. G. Samorodova). This combat vehicle took part in the battles of Stalingrad, the Kursk Bulge, and the crossing of the Dnieper. The tank commander was Hero of the Soviet Union Philip Antonovich Gokov from the Belgorod region. He was awarded the title of Hero on November 5, 1942.
Monument tanks are installed on pedestals of Glory in Stalingrad, Belgorod, Krasnodar, Kursk, Kaluga, Tula. Tver, Leningrad, on the Borodino field, on the 41st kilometer of the Leningrad highway, Nizhny Novgorod, on the Prokhorovsky field, in Orel, Bryansk.